As long as you are student in good standing and have not violated your status, you may legally remain in the United States with an expired F-1 visa. If you exit the United States and apply for a visa, you cannot return to the United States until the visa is issued. This could take a long time. If the visa is denied, you will not be able to return to the US as a student.
You cannot renew your student visa while in the US. The Department of State recommends that you apply for a visa in your home country.
Documents Required For Visa Renewal
- A passport valid for at least six months;
- An application Form DS-156, together with a Form DS-158. Both forms must be completed and signed. Some applicants will also be required to complete and sign Form DS-157. Blank forms are available without charge at all US consular offices and on the Visa Services website at http://travel.state.gov/content/visas/english/forms.html.
- A receipt for visa processing fee. A receipt showing payment of the visa application fee for each applicant, including each child listed in a parent’s passport who is also applying for a U.S. visa, is needed.
- A new I-20 or an I-20 that has been endorsed by a school official within the past six months.
- An up-to-date official transcript from each school you have attended.
- New financial documents from you or your sponsor, showing your ability to cover the cost of your schooling.